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23 March 2022

A faster energy transition could save Central America $20bn by 2050

By exploiting a vast renewable energy potential estimated at around 180GW, the region could reduce its forecasted CO2 emissions by 70% by 2050, finds an IRENA report.

By Energy Monitor Staff

Central American countries could save a combined $20bn in energy system costs between 2018 and 2050 by pursuing a more ambitious energy transition, according to new research from the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA).

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Wind Power Market seeing increased risk and disruption

The wind power market has grown at a CAGR of 14% between 2010 and 2021 to reach 830 GW by end of 2021. This has largely been possible due to favourable government policies that have provided incentives to the sector. This has led to an increase in the share of wind in the capacity mix, going from a miniscule 4% in 2010 to 10% in 2021. This is further set to rise to 15% by 2030. However, the recent commodity price increase has hit the sector hard, increasing risks for wind turbine manufacturers and project developers, and the Russia-Ukraine crisis has caused further price increase and supply chain disruption. In light of this, GlobalData has identified which countries are expected to add the majority of wind power capacity out to 2030. Get ahead and download this whitepaper for more details on the current state of the Wind Power Market.
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By improving their power system integration, Central American nations could exploit a vast renewable energy potential estimated at around 180GW – ten times larger than the region’s installed capacity today. Achieving that target would require increasing renewables’ share of installed capacity in the power sector to 90% and electrifying 75% of the vehicle fleet by 2050, states the report.

Wind turbines in the mountains of Costa Rica. (Photo by Stefan Scherer-Emunds via Shutterstock)

The IRENA analysis, Renewable Energy Roadmap for Central America: Towards a Regional Energy Transition, outlines a Decarbonising Energy Scenario (DES) that reduces CO2 emissions in Central America by 70% by 2050 compared with the 2050 Planned Energy Scenario (PES).

Increasing the annual deployment of renewables in the region three-fold, by 1.4GW per year, compared with the PES would put the region on track to achieving IRENA’s renewable energy target. To further reduce emissions from the transport sector, IRENA recommends green hydrogen as an alternative fuel for heavy cargo road transport and international shipping.

Furthermore, 37% of Central American households today do not have access to clean cooking technologies and fuels. In the DES, cumulative technology costs of around $12.5bn between 2018 and 2050 would see that share fall to just 1%.

Free Report
img

Wind Power Market seeing increased risk and disruption

The wind power market has grown at a CAGR of 14% between 2010 and 2021 to reach 830 GW by end of 2021. This has largely been possible due to favourable government policies that have provided incentives to the sector. This has led to an increase in the share of wind in the capacity mix, going from a miniscule 4% in 2010 to 10% in 2021. This is further set to rise to 15% by 2030. However, the recent commodity price increase has hit the sector hard, increasing risks for wind turbine manufacturers and project developers, and the Russia-Ukraine crisis has caused further price increase and supply chain disruption. In light of this, GlobalData has identified which countries are expected to add the majority of wind power capacity out to 2030. Get ahead and download this whitepaper for more details on the current state of the Wind Power Market.
by GlobalData
Enter your details here to receive your free Report.

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