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14 May 2021updated 05 Nov 2021 9:31am

Hydrogen vital for decarbonisation of heavy industries – report

The decarbonisation of hard-to-abate industrial sectors will hinge on the widespread use of hydrogen, confirms a study by Aurora Energy Research.

By Energy Monitor Staff

A new study by Aurora Energy Research reveals that hydrogen is the key to decarbonising hard-to-abate industrial sectors.

Hydrogen will provide 7–22% of Europe’s final energy demand by 2050, says the research.

The launch by BeHydro of the first dual-fuel hydrogen engine in Gent, Belgium, in September 2020. (Photo by Dirk Waem/Belga Mag/AFP via Getty Images)

Germany, with its large industrial base, will make up 29% of expected demand for five main sectors: high-value chemicals (including methanol), ammonia, refineries, steel, and cement.

However, the report warns the technology can only contribute fully to decarbonisation if changes are made to hydrogen production methods with a focus on low-carbon electricity sources and carbon capture and storage (CCS).


By mid-century, most hydrogen produced in Europe will come from electrolysers linked to renewable plants specifically commissioned for hydrogen production, says the report.

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It urges policymakers to concentrate on supporting hydrogen production in the lowest-carbon way possible by prioritising renewables, including hydro, and nuclear energy.

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